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9.24.12 Of 6th & 7th Grade Teachers, Public Libraries, “The Hobbit”, & “The Princess Bride”: Or, How I Got Interested in Fantasy Fiction

Whenever I discuss my novel, The Codex Lacrimae: The Mariner’s Daughter & Doomed Knight (  among the questions most often asked are what inspired me to write fantasy and how I chose the characters and settings of the story.  I’ll divide the response into three blogs: (1) when was my first encounter with fantasy literature, (2) why does the genre of fantasy inspire me , and (3) how do I choose the characters and settings for my stories?

It’s appropriate that in recalling my “first encounter” to epic fantasy, I see grey clouds canvassing the sky outside my office window while trees and shrubs make their autumnal shift from various shades of green to glorious hues of gold, red, and orange.  Appropriate because this season reminds me of when I first met the character of Bilbo Baggins.

It was autumn in the mid-1970s, the beginning of my sixth-grade year, and the class had just returned from lunch break. My teacher, Mrs. O’Hare, ordered everyone to settle down, sat on the top of her desk, and told us that she was going to start reading us a story every day at that time; her stated purpose to calm us down after recess, but she also said that she wanted to share a book with the class that she thought we’d really enjoy .

Mrs. O’Hare then opened a well-read paperback version of J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit, and made good on her promise, reading the words “Chapter One, An Unexpected Party,” and then proceeding to “In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit….” From that point, school days that had previously been filled with a standard schedule of math, history, science, and reading became merely hours to endure until we returned from lunch to resume the tale of Bilbo on his adventures with Gandalf and the thirteen dwarves!

The Hobbit, An Unexpected Journey (New Line Cinema, MGM)

For that couple of months while Mrs. O’Hare read the story, those 20-25 minutes were the best part of my day, and even the joy I’d take in playing zone dodge or handball took second-place to hearing my teacher read The Hobbit. I was completely enthralled by Bilbo’s adventures, from his encounters with trolls and elves, to fighting goblins, spiders, and even a dragon, to learning about such things as runes and riddles.  Such topics were true departures from our typical school day, and stimulated my imagination in ways I’d never experienced before.  I remember being completely mesmerized by the story, and there was something about hearing it read aloud that I appreciate to this day.  (That is, even though I’m a voracious reader, I still enjoy listening to unabridged audiobooks whenever I’m running errands, walking the dogs, or while waiting for kids’ after-school activities to finish.)

Thankfully, my parents also had a set of J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings trilogy, so when the inevitable moment came at the end of The Hobbit where Bilbo exclaims, “Thank goodness!” and hands Gandalf a tobacco jar, I took our copy of the book and began the first of what would become many, many rereads of the novel.  Completing that, I couldn’t wait to begin The Lord of the Rings. Anyone who’s gone on to read LOTR after The Hobbit knows that moment of pure delight when you realized that there were more adventures set in Middle Earth, and involving hobbits.

You also may know that instant of disorientation when you began reading The Fellowship of the Ring and noticed within a couple of pages that that book was a completely different reading experience than The Hobbit! I recall a slight feeling of dismay when I opened the novel and came upon a long Prologue. Dismay, and also something akin to a feeling of embarrassed inadequacy because while I wanted to get to another tale about hobbits, I instead found myself confronted with a kind of literary, historical language that I didn’t quite understand.

For me, the experience of starting The Fellowship of the Ring had none of the easy comfort that had marked Mrs. O’Hare’s reading of The Hobbit.  What did it mean to have a book begin with pages devoted to “Of Hobbit Lore and Genealogies?”  Why the heck did I need to know the material in the prologue entitled “Concerning Pipe-weed”?  Or, worse, why did I have to slog through “Of the Ordering of the Shire”?  At twelve, I was overwhelmed and confused. Then I got to the prologue’s passage on “Of the Finding of the Ring,” and got more enthusiastic.  Ah, yes, here was Bilbo and Gollum, the riddle game, the invisible ring…  I’d at last reached a place where there was something familiar, so I plunged on.  Okay, there was also a bit about “A Note on Shire Records” that read like a history lesson, but by the end of the prologue I was confident that the story would pick up where events in The Hobbit had left off.  Surely I’d soon be up and running in my imagination with Bilbo and the dwarves again on another adventure!

Nope.  When I finished Tolkien’s Prologue, and turned to Chapter One’s “A Long Expected Party,” I was again in a very different story and place than any part of The Hobbit.  Moreover, Bilbo was much older, and other characters such as Frodo and Samwise Gamgee were being introduced in what was (to me) a very different writing style than The Hobbit.  However, as I kept reading over that summer between my sixth and seventh grade years, I learned how to read in a new way, slowly wending through descriptions and conversations to immerse myself in a different world.  Middle Earth came alive when I slowed down and let Tolkien reveal his world to me, and as Frodo and Sam set forth to meet Gandalf at the Inn of the Prancing Pony, were joined by Merry and Pippin, hazarded the Barrow-Downs and met Tom Bombadil, and escaped Dark Riders to reach Rivendell, I realized that I could read this book, albeit in a very, very different manner than I’d read The Hobbit.

It took me a year to read The Lord of the Rings for the first time — and in The Two Towers, I even “cheated” once I realized that the broken fellowship meant I’d not be finding out what happened to Frodo and Sam until a couple hundred pages into the story.  Therefore, I came up with a strategy where I’d read a chapter from Book 3 (following the adventures of Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli), then flip to Book 4 and read a chapter (to find out what was happening to Frodo, Sam, and Gollum) and so forth.  The effort was well worth it, and exposed me to the world of high epic fantasy.  (For the next ten years, I’d reread The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings as a ritualistic way to welcome the autumn and winter seasons.)

The Princess Bride (Act III Communications, Buttercup Films, MGM-UA)

That interest in the fantasy genre was solidified when we returned to school in the fall and my seventh grade teacher, Mrs. Dore, began reading the class William Goldman’s The Princess Bride for the twenty-minute decompression time after lunch.  While presenting a completely different take on the fantasy genre than any of Tolkien’s works, I was amazed both by the immediacy and humor of Goldman’s prose, as well as by a story that kept the entire class wondering at the fate of Buttercup and Westley, the loyalty of Inigo Montoya and Fezzik, the villainy of Prince Humperdinck, and marveling at a pseudo-Renaissance world filled with places such as The Cliffs of Insanity, the Fire Swamp, Florin & Guilder, and The Pit of Despair!

The experience was unique, in that I don’t know if I’d have ever picked up the book on my own at that age.  But, because my teacher made us listen to the story, the class and I were soon completely vested in Goldman’s fantasy.  In that moment, I learned to give even odd-sounding stories a chance — that is, when I was twelve, a book entitled “The Princess Bride” wouldn’t have been at the top of my “must-read-next” list because it sounded like a fairy tale, and I wanted high adventure.  Happily, Goldman confounded my expectations and more than delivered on all counts — I’m still grateful to Mrs. Dore for the introduction, and her subsequent pushing us to try reading different forms of literature than we initially thought we preferred.  (I don’t think that many schools still offer “reading time,” either at the elementary levels or into the middle school grades, but for me those moments of post-lunch listening to my teachers read roughly a chapter a day were transformative; besides instilling a life-long interest in the fantasy genre, they also fostered a habit of reading at lunch-time that remains with me.)

Excited by those early introductions to fantasy literature in the classroom, after my younger brother and I made the brief walk down to the local library (where we’d have to wait for a couple of hours every day until our father got off work), I started asking the librarian for recommendations on other fantasy novels.  So began a routine of finishing my homework as soon as possible after getting to the library, and then becoming acquainted with a variety of authors whose works still remain a fond part of my childhood memories.

So, that’s the story of how I was initially introduced to epic fantasy.  Exposure to other kinds of novels soon followed, most notably in the genres of science-fiction, mystery, and English literature (hey, I was in a library almost everyday after school from fifth through eighth grades!), but I’ll leave tales of those encounters to another time.

Next:  Why does the genre of fantasy inspire me?

Thanks for visiting,

— A.J.

A.J. Carlisle’s List of Fantasy Must-Reads (through early-1990s):

Favorites from that time (& through my high school & early college years) include the following novels and series, listed here in alphabetical order by author’s last name, with links to respective Wikipedia pages to give you a lead on author links, reading orders, and critical receptions.

Please keep in mind that these works are a record of my own reading interests and influences and in some cases the books here precede by decades recent contributions to the genre such as the Harry Potter, Percy Jackson, and His Dark Materials series.  (I’ll add an updated list of notable fantasy works of the 1990s, 2000s, and through today on some future blog.)

Still, besides offering a chance for me to share some of my influences, I think that the following list might also serve as a primer/reading list for anyone interested in reading some great fantasy works!

Lloyd Alexander, The Chronicles of Prydain

Alexander, The Chronicles of Prydain

Poul Anderson, The Broken Sword

Anderson, The Broken Sword

Piers AnthonyXanth Series

Robert Aspirin (later, with Jody Lynn Nye), The MythAdventures Series

Aspirin, The Myth-Adventures Series

Peter S. Beagle, The Last Unicorn

Beagle, The Last Unicorn

Marion Zimmer Bradley, The Mists of Avalon

Bradley, The Mists of Avalon

Terry Brooks, Shannara Series

Brooks, The Shannara Series

Susan Cooper, The Dark is Rising Sequence

Cooper, The Dark is Rising Sequence

Stephen R. Donaldson, The Chronicles of Thomas Covenant

Donaldson, The Chronicles of Thomas Covenant

David Eddings, The Belgariad, The Mallorean, The Elenium, & The Tamuli Series

Eddings, The Belgariad and The Mallorean

William Goldman, The Princess Bride

Goldman, The Princess Bride

Robert E. Howard, The Conan the Barbarian Series

Howard, The Conan Books

Robert Jordan, The Wheel of Time Series

Jordan, The Wheel of Time Series

Stephen King, The Dark Tower Series

King, The Dark Tower Series

Katherine Kurtz, The Deryni Series

Kurtz, The Deryni Books

Ursula K. LeGuin, The Earthsea Novels

Le Guin, The Earthsea Books

C.S. Lewis, The Chronicles of Narnia Series

Lewis, The Chronicles of Narnia

Fritz Leiber, The Lankhmar Series (Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser)

Leiber, The Lankhmar Series (Fafhrd & Gray Mouser)

Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte d’Arthur’Arthur

Malory, Le Morte d’Arthur

Michael Moorcock, Elric of Melniboné Seriesé

Moorcock, Elric of Melniboné

Robert Silverberg, The Majipoor Series (blends sci-fi & fantasy)

Silverberg, The Majipoor Series

Mary Stewart, The Merlin Trilogy & The Wicked Day

Stewart, The Merlin Trilogy

J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit

Tolkien, The Hobbit

J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings Trilogy

Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings Trilogy

J.R.R. Tolkien, The Silmarillion

Tolkien, The Silmarillion

T.H. White, The Once and Future King

White, The Once and Future King

Tad Williams, Memory, Sorrow, and Thorn Series

Williams, Memory, Sorrow, and Thorn Series

Gene Wolfe, The Book of the New Sun Tetralogy

Wolfe, The Book of the New Sun Tetralogy

9.21.12 Doctor Who, Season 7: Episode 3, “A Town Called Mercy”

Doctor Who 7.3 (“A Town Called Mercy,” BBC)

Good Morning, Everyone!

The kids and I finally caught up on all of Season 7’s first three episodes, so here below are reviews for last week’s “A Town Called Mercy.”

Coincidentally, in anticipation of 50th anniversary of the series, I’ve been re-watching Doctor Who dvds from the beginning, and next week I’ll be reaching the first encounter the Doctor had with the American “Wild West,” 1st Doctor William Hartnell’s episode “The Gunfighters” (Story #25, from the 3rd Season of Doctor Who back in 1966)! In that episode, the Doctor and his companions land in Tombstone, Arizona in time for the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral between the Clantons and the Earps, with Doc Holiday helping the Doctor with a toothache… .

Anyway, 46 years later, here is a collection of reviews for the 11th Doctor’s latest adventure in the Old West.


— A. J.

Spoiler-Free Reviews:

Sci-Fi Bulletin (by Paul Simpson; Spoiler-Free, with good emphasis on script-writing, music, & character development for the Doctor, Amy, and Rory):

Den of Geek Review (by Simon Brew; Spoiler-Free, assessments of Toby Whithouse’s screenplay, and of performances by Matt Smith, Karen Gillan, & Arthur Darvill):

Spoiler-Filled Reviews:

The Guardian Review (by Dan Martin; comprehensive assessment, with appreciated sections that address aspects of episode w/attention to Doctor Who lore:  see “Pond Watch,” “Fear Factor,” “Mysteries and Questions,” and “Time Space Debris):

Books.Jen99 Review (by Ian Berrimen; comprehensive assessment, with full reveal on storyline – recommend reading after watching episode – but has good comparisons to how the Fourth (Tom Baker) and Fifth (Peter Davison) Doctors dealt with moral codes and violence:

Doctor Who Review (by Emily V. Gordon; spoiler-filled, plot-point-by-plot-point & assessment/critique; thoughtful review that placed certain moments w/in context of Dr. Who canon; main emphasis in article was on theme of war, pacifism, war crimes, and compare/contrast between Matt Smith’s Doctor & previous incarnations):

Den of Geek Review (by Simon Brew; Spoiler-Filled, assessments of Toby Whithouse’s screenplay, and of performances by Matt Smith, Karen Gillan, & Arthur Darvill, & guest star Adrian Scarborough; in-depth assessment here of episode comparing it with previous 2 episodes of Series 7):

9.20.12 New Hobbit Trailer Hits Web

The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (New Line Cinema, MGM, WingNut Films)

Good Morning, Everyone,

Jump to the link below to Books & Review article by Cole Garner Hill on new trailer for The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (in theaters Dec. 14, 2012). The clip runs for about 2 ½ minutes and looks fantastic (my kids are already excited about the film, so this clip made them groan when they realized that we’re still more than a couple months away from the premiere)!

The article also includes a discussion by director Peter Jackson about his choice to use high-resolution 48frames/sec technology for the film (going against the current industry standard of 24frames/sec that’s been around since the 1920s).

The end of Hill’s article gives an appreciated mention of the favorable critical reception for J. R. R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit back when it was released in 1937, as well as comments by C. S. Lewis about the originality of the book.


— A. J.

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